How to Register a School in India?
Establishing a school is a challenging task in India. Despite this, a lot of people are keen to start a school because of the unending demand of quality education. Moreover, investing time and money in education sector is a lucrative idea. It not only brings you profit but also earns you respect in the society. However, setting up a school is not only constructing the physical structure in the form of building classrooms and setting up libraries and laboratories, instead it involves obtaining permissions and licenses from concerned authorities at various stages. Further, schools cannot be set up by private individuals. It starts with the setting up of a trust or a society, with a governing board of five or six members.
- Firstly, form a society/trust with a minimum of 3 members and get it registered under the Societies Registration Act. Setting up a school involves a lot of legal processes from the very beginning. While forming a society or a trust, one has to have a Memorandum of Association, a document needed almost at every stage later.
- Once the trust or society is registered, the next step is to look for a land. There are two possibilities—one, the society or trust has a land of its own. Second, the governing entity decides to buy a land for the proposed school. Buying land from the government requires permission in the form of an Essentiality Certificate (EC) from the Department of Education of the concerned state which certifies the requirement of a school in a particular area. The EC comes with a condition that construction must commence within three years, failing which the society will have to reapply for the same. Even if a member on the board of a governing body has land that could be used for setting a school, a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Department of Education stating the requirement of a school in that area is required.
- Once you obtain the EC, forward it to the concerned land owing agencies like MCD or DDA for allotment of land for the establishment of the school. The land is allotted to the governing entity at subsidised rates which is usually allotted through auction.
- After acquiring the land, you can begin with the construction. Once the construction is over, school authorities need to apply for recognition from the concerned authority. For instance, recognition up to fifth class is granted by the municipality and for sixth to eighth grades, the Department of Education (DoE) grants the recognition. In addition to this, the DoE grants recognition for higher grades as well, but only after a minimum gap of two years.
- The next step is to seek affiliation from CBSE, CISCE or any other state board. It means the school will have to follow the guidelines of the board it is seeking affiliation to. The school will need to follow the syllabus, books prescribed by the affiliating board and pay specified salaries to the teachers.
- Further, you need to obtain certificates for hygiene, water and completion of the building from the municipality as well.
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