Primary School Opening Procedure
Elementary education imparted at primary schools serves as the foundation and the first section of compulsory education that every child must undergo. Elementary education in India has been made free and compulsory for all children from 6 to 14 years of age under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE ACT) 2009. While government schools are the major providers of elementary education in India, private schools form a significant part of education at the primary level. Starting primary school can be a fruitful venture, because self-finance institutions are increasing in the country. If you want to open primary school in your locality, then you need to fulfill the requirements given below.
Here are the Key Requirements to Open a Primary School
- Budget (capital investment) that would range from Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 20 lakhs
- Trust/ Society that would run your primary school
- Land spread over an area of minimum half an acre of land
- NOC from the state government for the construction of your primary school’s building
- Recruitment of Teachers
- Advertising and promotional activities for the launch of your primary school
Procedure to Open Primary School
- The first step to open primary school in India is to prepare a plan that highlights what the venture is all about. You need to clearly specify the budget required for starting the primary school, including furniture, wood work and finishing work etc. Typically, to open primary school anywhere in India, the capital investment required will range from Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 20 lakhs.
- In the plan, you also need to specify the number of children you wish to enroll into your primary school, out of which 25% of the children belonging to the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) of the society shall be offered admission, in accordance with the provisions of RTE Act 2009.
- You also need to specify the number of educators you will recruit for your primary school, in your business plan. The ideal Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) is 30:1. Hence, keeping in mind the PTR as mandated by the RTE Act, you need to plan how many teachers you will enroll, depending upon the number of children you want to offer admission to your primary school. Apart from the educators, you also need to mention the number of administrative staff and support staff for your primary school.
- The next step is to form a Trust that would run your private primary school. This is essential because most of the private-run unaided primary schools in India are run by charitable Trusts or registered Societies. The Trust should be registered under Indian Trusts Act (1882). The Trust should consist of at least three individuals as members (Trustees).
- Now you may acquire land for your primary school in India. The minimum requirement of land is 8000 sq. ft to 10000 sq. ft. The land can be leased (with rental agreement for at least 30 years) or purchased property. The land, which should be non-agricultural (either for commercial or institutional purposes) should be preferably located in a calm atmosphere suitable for a primary school.
- The next step is to start the construction of your primary school after getting NOC from the state government. Your primary school should be constructed keeping in mind all the necessary infrastructural facilities. To serve the purpose, you may create a plan specifying the dimensions and positioning of the classrooms, library, rooms for recreational activities such as music and dance, HM’s office, staff room, computer room, reception, toilets etc. After the construction of the rooms, it is the time for whitewash, interior decoration etc.
- Once the school is ready for operations, then you may start recruiting educators, administrative staff and other support staff.
- Now it is the time to launch your primary school. For the purpose, you may conduct a Press Conference announcing the launch of your primary school.
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