In India, education is looked after by different agencies, both government and private. There are three main stages or levels of education as they may be called, received by the students in India. They are schooling, college and higher studies. At all the three stages, government takes the responsibility for helping the students with different provisions at each level.
Schooling and State Boards
The education system in India is typically K-12, meaning a graduation from kindergarten to class 12th. A student who wishes to join the college has to complete the 12 years or grades and the kindergarten. Excluding the kindergarten, the schooling has further been divided in primary, secondary and higher secondary level of education. From grade I to VIII, the level is primary; from VIII to X, it is secondary and from X to XII it is higher secondary. The last two, i.e., secondary and higher secondary education is looked after by state boards of education or any other board recognised by the Indian government.
There are over 30 state boards and central boards of education in India. In almost every state, there is at least one education board which caters to the secondary and higher secondary education.
Important Functions of State Boards
• Advise the State Government on policy matters.
• See the implementation of Education Policies, as laid down by the Central Government.
• Maintain uniform standard of education in schools all over the state.
• Lay guiding principles for curriculum and syllabi. The syllabus is prescribed by the state boards.
• Conduct Examinations (board examinations), at the completion of secondary and higher secondary education.
• Prescribe textbooks to schools affiliated with them.
• Provide the Certification for the qualifying students.
• Prescribe conditions to schools regarding admissions of regular and private students.
Besides the primary functions mentioned above, state boards are also concerned with promoting education among the under privileged, helping students with scholarships and stipends, etc. State boards as such are authoritative agencies so far as schooling is concerned. The schools affiliated with the boards have to abide by the rules and regulations of the state boards.