In the last 50 years are so, the education system in India has observed not many changes. The application of such term therefore as “revolutionized” is not applicable to the most important institution in the society. The school continues to encourage rote-memorization and the curriculum in many schools has been the same for many generations. Exceptions to them are the new education reformists who have abandoned the axioms long ago.
Many renowned educationists of India have come up with unique learning and teaching systems. These unconventional teaching methods and learning practices are aimed to give the students an in-depth exposure of the subjects at hand and fill the educational experience with enlightening values. Some popular among these unconventional teaching and learning methods are:
Group and Panel Discussions: in group discussion and panel discussions the students are not the passive recipients of the knowledge and information that sit silently in the classroom. Instead the students are encouraged to express their views, their arguments and points are analyzed and assessment is done of the assimilation of the subject matter.
Presentations: There are two basic types of presentations made by the students – the prepared one and the extempore. In the prepared presentations students are assigned to present relevant data, information and illustrations on any fixed day. In extempore presentations students have to present the subject matter right at the very moment. Assimilation and presentation are two different aspects and students are made to learn both.
Debates and Speeches: Like discussion and presentations, in debates the students are introduced to a topic and asked to debate on the possible pros and cons. The students are demanded either to speak in support of the premise, against the premise or give it a partial treatment and say about both the aspects. The debates reveal the critical thinking and understanding of the student on any given subject matter.
Role Playing: Though it is not very common, but students are sometimes demanded to play the roles of the characters and depict a real situation. This method is employed mostly by educators teaching arts and humanities.
Film Viewing: As per this method the students are shown films and documentaries on the subject topic. After watching the film, a test is conducted to note the impact on the students. Students are asked to write critical appreciation, discuss on important points and put forward their findings.
Apart from the above-mentioned methods, there are many more unconventional teaching and learning methods that have been recommended by the renowned educationists.