Two primary goals of the 10th Five-year Plan included free and compulsory elementary education. The Directorate of Education provides education in a number of separate categories. These are —
• Pre-primary
• Primary
• Middle or upper-primary
• Higher secondary
• Senior secondary

In Delhi, pre-primary and primary education is provided by many local bodies. These include,
• Municipal Corporation of Delhi, MCD.
• New Delhi Municipal Council, NDMC.
• Delhi Cantonment Board, DCB.

Middle, secondary and senior secondary education is the responsibility of the Directorate of Education, Government of National Capital Territory — NCT, Delhi.

NDMC Schools in Delhi
These schools are concerned with providing primary education in the capital. However, they also run a number of secondary and senior secondary schools. These schools have students from the underprivileged sections of the society. The schools work towards the aim of providing free primary education.

Recently, the ‘Bala’ scheme was introduced for the primary schools run by the New Delhi Municipal Corporation, NDMC. Bala, is an acronym for ‘Building as Learning Aid’. It is a unique concept for improving the quality of education in primary and elementary schools across Delhi. The NDMC became the first municipality in the nation to implement such a scheme.

Government Schools in Delhi
The Government of Delhi has established a number of schools across Delhi. These schools are run and maintained by the Delhi Government itself. They serve the purpose of providing education to the poorer sections of the society. People unable to afford the fees of sending their children to public or private schools seek admission in government schools. However, the condition of these schools is abysmal. They seem to be suffering from government apathy and the ever-increasing craze for public school education. With limited salary structures and poor infrastructure, the staff found in these schools is also below par.

The Kendriya Vidyalaya
The Kendriya Vidyalayas or KVs are run by the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan. The Sangathan was formed by the Ministry of Education, H.R.D., Government of India. KVs are unique as they cater to the educational needs of the children of employees of the Central Government. Defence personnel who are liable to transfers. Their children need schools with a universal syllabus across Indian and affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi.

This requirement is fulfilled by the KVs. Delhi too has a large concentration of Defence personnel and transferable Central Government employees. However, this format of the school is also open to other sections of the society. The medium of education is a combination of Hindi and English. In comparison to the government schools, the infrastructure and quality of education is much better. Usually, students from the lower middle-class income groups enrol in KVs.

Private Schools in Delhi
With rising income levels and an obsession with affluence the private schools have become the most preferred school-level educational institutes in Delhi. A private school is run by an organisation or an individual. The controlling bodies could be a religious bodies or private trusts. As a general trend, these schools are often called public schools.

The medium of instruction is English and the facilities provided are among the best. Most public schools seem to be competing with each other to provide the best possible infrastructure to their students. Private recognised schools are of two types.

• Private-aided Schools
A privately-managed school receives a regular maintenance funding from government or from any other public body and is often called a private-aided school.
• Private-unaided Schools
A privately owned but unaided educational school which is managed by a certain individual or private organisation bit doesn’t receive any grant either from the government or some local body is called a private-unaided school.

Apart from these commonly-seen schools, there are other schools like the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNV’s). These are managed by independent or autonomous organisations and function under the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

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